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Glaucoma – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

If you are facing severe eye pain or colored rings around lights then the reason behind it could be glaucoma. Glaucoma is an eye disease that can damage your optic nerve tissue and result in vision loss. Glaucoma can be treated with the help of medications or eye surgery. Let’s understand the causes, symptoms, and treatment of glaucoma. 

What are the Types of Glaucoma? 

There are different types of glaucoma such as open-angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, congenital glaucoma, secondary glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma, and angle-closure glaucoma. 

  • Open- Angle Glaucoma 

Open-angle glaucoma has no specific symptoms except gradual vision loss. Most people with open glaucoma do not notice any change in their vision until the damage is quite severe. 

  • Congenital Glaucoma 

Symptoms of congenital glaucoma are cloudy eyes, sensitivity to light, and excessive tearing. This glaucoma means a defect in the angle of the eye, which slows or prevents normal fluid drainage. 

  • Angle-closure Glaucoma 

If the flow of aqueous humor is suddenly blocked the rapid buildup of fluid may cause painful pressure on eyes.

  • Normal-Tension Glaucoma 

People without high eye pressure develop damage to their optic nerve. It is also known as low-tension glaucoma. Extreme sensitivity or lack of blood flow to your optic nerve can be a factor in normal tension glaucoma. 

What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma? 

Some symptoms of Glaucoma are Eye pain or pressure, Headaches, Red eyes, blurred vision, narrowed vision, blind spots, Nausea, and vomiting. If you are facing any of these symptoms then you undergo the Best Cataract Surgery in Lucknow

What are the Causes of Glaucoma? 

The back of your eye continuously makes a clear fluid called aqueous humor. This fluid is made, it fill the front part of your eye. It leaves your eyes through channels in your cornea and iris. If these channels are blocked or partially obstructed then it can increase intraocular pressure. Factors that affect glaucoma are dilating eye drops, poor or reduced blood flow to your optic nerve, high or elevated blood pressure, restricted drainage in your eyes, and medications like corticosteroids. 

How is Glaucoma Diagnosed? 

While facing symptoms of glaucoma you should undergo a diagnosis for determining the optic issue. To analyze glaucoma, an eye doctor can suggest some the tests such as gonioscopy, dilated eye exam, optical coherence tomography to look for changes in your optic nerve, slit lamp examination, visual acuity test, visual field test to check for changes in peripheral vision, or ocular pressure test to measure the eye pressure.

What are the Risk factors related to Glaucoma? 

Glaucoma can increase with age if it is left untreated. People with diabetes are likely to get glaucoma, have a family history of glaucoma, people with high blood pressure, long-term use of corticosteroids, or face myopia, people who face injury are also at risk of glaucoma. 

Can you Prevent Glaucoma? 

Glaucoma can’t be prevented, but it is necessary to start the treatment if your symptoms are getting worse. Glaucoma at an early stage can be prevented with right eye care and the suggestion of your eye doctor. Your doctor will perform simple tests. During these routine eye check-ups, you should maintain a well-balanced diet that has rich nutrients for increasing vision and optic health. This will slow down the process of vision loss. 

Also Read – How To Dissolve Cataracts Naturally

What are the treatments for Glaucoma? 

If you are facing glaucoma then you should get proper treatment because untreated glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss or blindness. Proper Treatments can slow down additional vision loss. Let’s understand what are the treatments for glaucoma. 

  • Laser therapy

To help improve fluid drainage from your eye your doctor may suggest lasers as a first-line therapy instead of eye drops. Laser treatment may not replace the use of eye drops completely but it can last for years for some people. 

  • Specific Medications 

Glaucoma is a lifelong condition so the doctor may suggest some medications to increase drainage functioning of your eyes and improve eye pressure. You may need to use eye drops every day or apply them more than once a day. Take suggestions from your doctor for better recovery. 

  • Eye Surgery 

With the help of surgery, eye pressure is reduced and can restore your vision. There are many types of surgeries for glaucoma. It also depends on the specific type and severity of the condition. Under the advanced facilities of the Best Multispeciality Hospital in Lucknow, you can get proper treatment. 

Also Read – How To Choose Best Eye Specialist for Cataract Surgery


Glaucoma is an eye disease that results in vision loss. Unfortunately, you can’t prevent glaucoma but it is important to consult with ophthalmologists for a personalized eye care plan. Glaucoma has the least symptoms if you are at an early stage that is why it is necessary to go for a regular eye test. If this condition is diagnosed then it can be treated earlier. 

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