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Common Mental Health Disorders: Symptoms and Treatments

“Life looks easier when you are healthy from the inside”- don’t you agree with the thought? It is quite easy to understand that until and unless you are physically and mentally fit, you won’t be able to enjoy the small moments of life.

It is essential for every human being to keep themselves physically and mentally fit so that they can live their life peacefully.

In today’s fast-paced world, many individuals neglect their physical and mental health as they prioritize other tasks, unaware of the harm they are causing to themselves.

There are multiple ways in which physical health can be improved but this is not the same when it comes to mental health.

According to the reports of The National Institute of Health, 57.8 million adults live with some form of mental illness. The severity of mental illness depends on person to person.

Some of them can do all the necessary tasks while struggling with mental illness while others get disabled due to the same.

What is Mental Illness?

Mental Illness is a psychological condition where a person is not fit mentally, emotionally, and socially. It affects your behavior, way of communication, thinking ability, reaction, and understanding ability. A person suffering from mental illness will face difficulty in coping with stress, anxiety, and mental pressure.  Mental illness can be symptomatic and sometimes it may not show you symptoms. 

It is possible that you may be going through depression unknowingly because you are not able to identify the symptoms. 

What do you mean by mental health disorder?

Mental health disorder is a condition that affects your behavior and the way you think. They target your mood which makes it difficult for you to live and function at home, work, school, or in your neighborhood.

According to the best psychiatrists and doctors in Lucknow, mental disorders do not always impact your behavior. Your mental health may be good but because of a behavioral health disorder, you are experiencing problems.

What are the different types of disorders? What are their symptoms and their treatments?

Disorders Types Symptoms  Treatments
Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Panic Disorder

Social Anxiety Disorder

Specific Phobias

Excessive worry and fear;

Restlessness or feeling on edge;

Irritability;

Muscle Tension;

Difficulty concentrating;

Sleep disturbance;

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Medication: Antidepressants (SSRIs, SNRIs), benzodiazepines (Short -term use)

Lifestyle changes (Regular exercise, healthy diet, adequate sleep)

Mood Disorder Major Depressive Disorder

Bipolar disorder

Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)

Constant sadness or low mood

Loss of interest or pleasure in various activities

Changes in appetite or weight

Sleep disturbance

Fatigue or loss of energy

A feeling of worthlessness or guilt

Difficulty in concentrating

Suicidal thoughts

Psychotherapy (CBT, Interpersonal therapy, psychodynamic therapy)

Medication (Antidepressants, mood stabilizers, antipsychotics)

Electroconvulsive Therapy

Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders Schizophrenia

Schizoaffective Disorder

Brief Psychotic disorder

Delusion

Hallucinations

Disorganized thinking and speech

Abnormal motor behavior

Medication

Psychotherapy

Social and vocational training

Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders: Hoarding disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Recurrent, unwanted thoughts included in obsession

Repetitive behavior or mental acts performed to reduce stress and anxiety

CBT

Medication

Support Groups

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Normal Stress Response.

Acute Stress Disorder.

Uncomplicated PTSD.

Complex PTSD.

Comorbid PTSD

Intrusive thoughts or memories of the traumatic event

Nightmares

Flashbacks

Avoidance of reminders of trauma

Negative changes in mood or cognition.

Trauma-focused CBT

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

Medication

Eating Disorder Anorexia Nervosa

Bulimia Nervosa

Binge-Eating Disorder

Obsession with food, body weight, and shape

Extreme restrictions on eating (Anorexia)

Episodes of binge eating followed by purging (Bulimia)

Eating large amounts of food in a short period.

Psychotherapy

Nutritional Counseling

Medication

Medical Monitoring

 

Other than these disorders, various other disorders are commonly found in people such as anxiety disorders, depression, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, etc.

As per the multi-specialty hospital in Lucknow, many of these common disorders can be treated and people suffering from it can get relief from the constant mental discomfort.

In conclusion

Mental health disorders can have a huge impact on a person’s emotional and social well-being. It’s not easy to cope with stress, depression, and anxiety. Psychiatrists, family, and friends should make sure that their patient is improving and doesn’t suffer more because of mental illness.

Resources

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/22295-mental-health-disorders

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mental-illness/symptoms-causes/syc-20374968

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